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30 years of reform and opening up the electronic information industry by leaps and bounds

In Electronic Infomation Category: R | on December   1, 2010

30 years of reform and LM2931CM datasheet and opening up, Chinas electronic information industry has made remarkable achievements in 2007 and LM2931CM price and 1977, compared to 30 years in the scale of the industry turned more than 12 fan, ranking first in the domestic industrial sector, manufacturing scale out the worlds first Second, the industrial added value of 1.3083 trillion yuan, equivalent to 30 years ago, 472 times the average annual growth of 22.8%; tax profits 312.7 billion yuan, equivalent to 1421 times 30 years ago; exports of 459.5 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for the countrys total exports 37.7%; the countrys total GDP, industrial added value rose from 0.7% in 1977 to 5.3% in 2007. After 30 years of reform, opening up and LM2931CM suppliers and development, Chinas electronic information industry has initially established a professional categories is relatively complete industrial chain basically sound, solid and strong industrial base, optimizing industrial structure, innovation continues to rise and industrial macro-control system of scientific and standardized international competitiveness will increase markedly, electronic information industry has become a big country, and are to the electronic power forward.

Industrial scale industrial sector ranked first in

Basic state policy of reform and opening up under the guidance of the CPC Central Committee and State Council attach great importance to the Ministry in the previous scientific decision-making party, after 30 years of sustained and rapid development of electronic information industry has developed into a national economy based on industry leading industries and pillar industries.

30 years reform and opening up and development, manufacturing scale of Chinas electronic information industry ranks the worlds second, the rapid development of the software industry, information technology and orderly progress, from materials, parts, special equipment, test equipment to the machine industrial chain and value chain to create more complete, the main product output ranked first in the world. 2007 China in the production of mobile phone handset of the worlds 48%, PC machines accounted for 46%, 42% TVs, monitors accounted for 65%, 58% of program-controlled switchboards, digital cameras, 57%, already ranked first in the world .

China lead the world in the same time, increasing the level of research and development. In 2007, industry-wide R & D investment over 100 billion yuan, accounting for 1.74% of sales revenue, accounting for R & D expenditure of 27%. As of the end of 2007, Chinas domestic electronics and information enterprises to apply for patent 254,301, including patents 125,762; There were 153,483 patents, including patents 24943.

According to the State Intellectual Property Office of Statistics, the Shenzhen Huawei PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) applications was 1544, ranked fourth in the world, is the highest ever ranking of Chinese enterprises. As of the end of 2007, copyright registration of software type nearly 12 million pieces, integrated circuit design the exclusive right of registration 1550. 2001 -2 007 years, the information industry major technological inventions 46; end of 2007, a total of 6876 promulgated technical standards, including national standards for 2158, the industry standard 4718, and achieved the super VCP, digital trunking mobile communications (GoTa) , AVS, WAPI, TD-SCDMA as the representative of the standard with independent intellectual property rights of 21, including TD-SCDMA 3G be released ITU international standard.

Rapid development in the electronic information industry at the same time, national economic and social development continue to progress. 1993, in accordance with the directives of the central Ministry of Electronics Industry began implementing the "Gold Card", "Golden Customs", "Golden Tax" and other major information technology projects, opened a rapid national economic and social information prelude to the development. Loudly proposes adhere to information technology to stimulate industrialization, promotion of information technology, out of a high technological content, good economic returns, low resources consumption, little environmental pollution and human resources into full play of the new industrialization road, Seventeenth Report of the further proposed a new path of industrialization with Chinese characteristics, and vigorously promote the integration of information technology and industrialization, promotion of industries to grow stronger. Currently, the e-government, transform and upgrade traditional industries, rural information, e-commerce application areas such as information technology and remarkable achievements, improve the information environment, information technology applications to further deepen, significantly enhanced the effectiveness of information technology, has entered the all-round, multi-level to promote a new stage.

The rise of the pillar industries, while large companies through the implementation of the strategy, a number of national brands began to move toward the international stage. In 1987 the first electronic information number one hundred enterprises of a plant in Shanghai TV operating income of 5.76 billion yuan, ranking first in 1997, Sichuan Changhong revenue for the first time more than 10 billion yuan, while the hundred enterprises in 2007 23 enterprises operating income of more than 100 billion yuan, ranking first in the association, operating income reached 146.2 billion yuan, into the Fortune Global 500.

Prepared by World Brand Laboratory in 2008, "500 world brand", our short-listed 15 companies, including Haier, Lenovo, Changhong, Tsinghua Tongfang the list, respectively, for the first 104, p. 129, Section 293 and 498.

Reform and opening up is the lifeblood of

Reform and opening up led the rapid development of Chinas electronic information industry. The CPC Central Committee on the reform and opening strategic thinking, the electronic information industry Reform to Promote performance, Yikaifangcu development, and always walk in the forefront of reform and opening up.

30 years of reform and opening up, Chinas electronic information industry trade management departments institutional reforms carried out 5 times: in 1981 set up a "Ministry of Electronics Industry," in 1988 changed to "machinery and electronics industry," Reconstruction in 1993, "Ministry of Electronics Industry "established 1998" Ministry of Information Industry ", 2008, the new" Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. " At the same time, industry has also experienced several major strategic transformation: conversion early 80s of last century, the priority development of the mid 80 consumer electronics, 90s of last century from a single product manufacturing transition to a modern electronic information industry the new century, using information to promote industrialization, promote electronic power from the electronic power to a strategic transformation.

Electronic information industry in China is the first implementation of market opening in limited areas, to attract foreign investment, and guide enterprises to the market within the industry. Early 80s of last century, Sichuan Changhong, Panasonic introduced from black and white TV production lines from Shanghai Venus TV factory production line of Hitachis introduction of color TV, Tianjin imported from Fujitsu Computer Center computer F160, Sanyo set up in Beijing offices. Since 1987, the country has introduced the transformation of color TV sets and 113 production lines, auxiliary equipment, production lines more than 800 articles, components, production technology, process equipment, testing methods, the scale of production have undergone major changes on the quality of the product reached century, the international advanced level in the early 80s, effectively promoting the process of domestic color TV. December 11, 2001, China formally joined the WTO, also participated in the "Information Technology Agreement" (information technology products to zero tariffs), marking the opening of China to expand into the international economic system has entered a new phase.

30 years, the electronics and information enterprises to actively participate in international division of labor and cooperation, largely through the "three to a meeting," Export Processing (OEM), science and technology trade (ODM), outside the factories (OBM), foreign joint venture , R & D institutions to carry out cross-border M & 7 stages, participate in international competition has been Quanfang Wei for stimulating economic growth in the industry to ease the shortage of domestic demand and improve the comprehensive competitiveness of enterprises played an important role.

By implementing the "going out" strategy, a large number of domestic enterprises with strength in the international arena working hard. 2007 Years for overseas sales more than 9 billion U.S. dollars; Haier established a global design, procurement, manufacturing, marketing and service network, named 2004 Top 100 global brands; TCL to TV based products, the first to Southeast Asia, the latter extended to India, Russia, Australia and other countries, established a global sales network and expand the overseas market share, TCL brand ranked second in the Vietnamese market, the market in Singapore and the Philippines ranks among the top four; 2004 Lenovo acquired IBMs PC business in the world After 3 years of integration, international mergers and acquisitions initial success, has become one of the three largest PC manufacturers to enter the Fortune Global 500.

Expand opening up, Chinas electronic information industry to promote better participation in international division of labor and cooperation, accelerate the expansion of domestic industry and the technology level. As of the end of 2007, the electronic information industry, foreign investment over 130 billion U.S. dollars. By constantly developing domestic and foreign markets, the use of two resources, creating todays electronic information industry of China on the international status.

Valuable experience

Summarize 30 years of reform and opening up Chinas electronic information industry experience of rapid development, the first and most fundamental is to always adhere to Deng Xiaoping Theory and "Three Represents" as guidance, comprehensively implement the scientific concept of development, economic development , stick with the deepening reform, emancipate the mind and Solving the problem, which is guiding the development of basic industries.

Second, the CPC Central Committee and State Council attached great importance to the development of electronic information industry, since 1992, put the electronic information industry as a pillar industry of national economy, and through the implementation of color TV sets, integrated circuits, mobile communications, digital television, TD-SCDMA ( Time Division Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access) industry and a number of major projects, speed up the development of electronic information industry; At the same time, raised the national economy and social information, using information to promote industrialization, promotion of information technology, and promote information and industrial integration, the electronic information industry has provided a broad space for development.

Third party to develop the Ministry of previous development strategy for Chinas national conditions, including the priority to the development of consumer electronics, the implementation of processing and assembly with the combination of its own production, the introduction, digestion and absorption of foreign advanced technology combined with the re-innovation, promote original innovation in support of integrated innovation and encourage innovation and learning combine to expand the industrial scale and improve the quality and efficiency of economic development combined with the implementation of building electronic power strategy. Adhere to the manufacturing, operation industry, interactive software development, software development and hardware integration, network integration and service development, formed a series of new economic growth point.

Fourth, insist on the development of structural adjustment in the adjustment to accelerate development. Through macro-guidance, industrial policy to regulate and standardize the market; through good use of the Electronic Development Fund, the implementation of TV special, special mobile communications, software and specialized integrated circuits, "908" and "909" project, promoting the implementation of industrial policy, the export tax rebate mechanism implement the 5 documents and 18 documents, speed up structural adjustment. After years of efforts, the economic structure of the electronic information industry has been a fundamental improvement in the present, computer and communications industry has been in the industry account for 60% of the total proportion of software and IC industry to 35% average annual growth rate of the rapid development of , flat panel TV, digital TV, 3C products are replacing traditional TV.

Fifth, adhere to the transformation of government functions, do a good job industry management. The Government has in the past industries directly involved in economic activities to macro-control, the strengthening of statistical analysis into focus, and strengthen economic regulation, the implementation of market regulation, grasp hundred enterprises, adjust the industrial structure, deepening reform of macro-control aspects of state-owned enterprises, establish and improve trade management system, the rapid development of industry has played a positive role in promoting.

Sixth, emancipate the mind, constantly promote institutional innovation, environmental innovation, management innovation and development model innovation, which is sustained and rapid development of electronic information industry, the inexhaustible source. Expand opening up, full participation in international division of labor and cooperation, "bringing in and going out" development strategy, the overall quality and overall strength has improved significantly.

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