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U.S. chip research and development behind it?

In Electronic Infomation Category: R | on December   1, 2010

In semiconductor research and MAX704ESA datasheet and development for the U.S. We need to focus on the decline, as the pessimists think that Bell Labs has been overtaken by later ones, like, TI is also facing the same problem, such as TSMC to face the challenges of the emerging manufacturers, The optimists think that the next generation of semiconductor technology Intel is still playing a leading role in the world, IBM is still in the dominant semiconductor patents, and MAX704ESA price and IMFlash (Micron and MAX704ESA suppliers and Intels joint venture company) that companies are making great strides, and Hewlett-Packard Labs memristor technology will make obsolete the traditional semiconductor memory, while U.S. universities and national laboratories are changing the rules of the game is developing chip technology, these universities and industry, laboratory research and development alliance will fill the gap.

Many electronic engineers believe that the decline of the U.S. semiconductor industry is the most representative of the time Bell Labs claims no longer to continue aspects of semiconductor materials and devices research and development. Bell Labs was a pioneer in the semiconductor field, not just the transistor, which in semiconductor materials and devices in many areas have made great breakthroughs, such as MOSFET, CCD, molecular beam epitaxy, electron beam lithography, photovoltaic cells, carbon dioxide laser, the quantum cascade laser, optical routers, and first-generation single-chip 32-bit microprocessors.

Located in Murray Hill, New Jersey, Bell Laboratories, once a pioneer in the development of semiconductors, is now a Paris-based Alcatel - Lucents R & D units, currently has 1,000 R & D laboratories, and every year 20 billion dollars budget for R & D such as wireless, networking, optical communications and computing algorithms more pragmatic technology. There is also a group to continue longer-term studies, such as high-speed electronics and nanotechnology, but those made to Bell Laboratories, 6 Nobel Prize-breaking study has been suspended.

Bell Labs to give up the long-term semiconductor research in the field, can be seen as the United States in the field of semiconductor research and development into a dead end, the U.S. semiconductor manufacturing is widely recognized that what happened at Bell Labs showed that changes in the semiconductor market conditions , that is, chip manufacturers need in todays global low-margin, high-volume markets to seek survival.

Freescale Semiconductors vice president of GreggBartlett said: "Now that the United States to the position of the global semiconductor boss too early, people need to note what happened at Bell Labs does not have universal significance, does not mean that in the other No new innovation where the United States remains the center of the global semiconductor, Intel, IBM and its technology partners continue to focus on technology research, where they remain in the event of a large number of innovations. "

Nevertheless, still very difficult to convince those who hold the opposite view, they may come up with examples of storage, almost all of the U.S. chip makers have been into this area, but today only DRAM manufacturer Micron, this years camp received only 16 billion U.S. dollars, the U.S. chip plant, also facing the same fate, as more and more chip-making shifted to TSMC, UMC, Chartered Semiconductor and other manufacturers, and is transferred to the Chinese mainland companies, which are were used to refute the pessimistic tone of reason, of course, can only say that the U.S. semiconductor research and development is in decline, but not to the out of time.

IBM, Intel focused on the development

IBM vice president of semiconductor research and development center GaryPatton description: "Some companies have to change their business models to cope with such changes, but the U.S. still has a large number of ruling power semiconductor technology, such as IBM Business Alliance and Intel, it is clear that they The two advanced semiconductor technology research and development is core strength. "

IBMs R & D budget as high as 62 billion U.S. dollars, up to 3,200 engineers, the core development team behind them is up to 200,000 engineering and technical personnel, Intels R & D budget also exceeded 60 million, their corporate-level technical team, Intel Research, has more than 1,000 engineers and scientists, but also have thousands of technical support staff.

Although the United States in the fields of semiconductors such as DRAM, like the field just as commodities have been declining, but IBM and Intel continues to believe that America is still full of vitality in the semiconductor field, after all, Intel is the worlds first to cut into the 45-nanometer technology company, This proves that the U.S. semiconductor industry is still walking in the forefront of the industry.

Intels CTOJustinRattner description: "You can through our pace of technological development to determine the stability of our strength, we have been able to successfully cut into the high-K gate dielectric and metal gate electrode stack technology."

IBM has also announced plans for high-end server processor schedule for 45 nm, while other plants are doing migration plan, in order to ensure deep sub-micron high-level R & D investment, IBM established a joint R & D group, include AMD, Chartered Semiconductor, Freescale, Infineon, Samsung and STMicroelectronics.

Current problem is not technology roadmap, the chip manufacturing industry, but the reality, when more of the semiconductor wafer processing transfers to overseas R & D responsibility for the corresponding subrogated, now, to start a new plant need to invest 3.0 billion U.S. dollars, investment in the face of such facts, such as TIs semiconductor manufacturers rely more and more of their manufacturing partners for the development of 32-nanometer process. Freescale Bartlett

description: "Frankly, more technology transfer to Taiwan beginning, this is not the result of lack of investment, but the manufacturing industry reality, technology development and layout must place the large output tilt. "

Cost factors

Feel, the U.S. semiconductor R & D is actually a victim of its success. Today, the financial health depends on reducing nodes in each wafer (wafer) to create more chips, that is, reduce the per unit die (die) of the cost. Fab difficult to accept new materials and equipment because the existing process can be made smaller products, the other because of the growing offshore foundry fab scale, the situation is more evident.

TI has admitted that he no longer is a vertically integrated company. "We invest our time and time again to move to closer to consumers, so we are not keen to have the following chip technology, but concerned about how we can solve customer problems faced in the future, and to ensure that solutions with cost and power efficiency. "TI R & D Center, said one of the Vice MartinIzzard.

TI decided to invest 2.2 billion R & D budget to design a more excellent analog, mixed-signal and signal-processing chips for special applications up, this strategy is not clear what effect the long term. But one thing is certain: the development of new materials and device architectures - the need to process nodes in the future of innovation - this is not a question of TI, but the foundry problems.

As a contrast, like IBM, Inter, and Micron, do not want to fabless companies, but also to maintain the previous factory.

"We are entering an era of all the companys technology is close to the physical limits of lithography, so the challenge is more daunting than ever," Micron Vice BrianShirley storage business, said, "Currently, we are looking for in the 3 to 5 years, the methods to solve this challenge, those who spend a lot of research and development costs seem to be, and the pressure the industry more than ever. "

Challenges to the physical limits of the gap between research and development cost of U.S. semiconductor manufacturers will be more cost, but now the gap is enlarged, industrial R & D budget were reduced by the backlog of sales and excess supply. American universities and national laboratories play a more important long term should shoulder the responsibility.

The importance of university research

In fact, IBM is also seeing this trend. In recent years the company has entered a number of research scientists in various universities of the United States, IBM, Intel and other companies and universities to establish a strong partnership. The best example is the IBM recently announced the worlds smallest SRAM chip - a 22nm technology device - in Albany to create nanotechnology research center, the scientific and technological achievements, IBM and New York State University at Albany, the result of cooperation.

IBM in New York funded the operation of a series of cooperation projects with universities. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute with the cooperation of its advanced 3D and other packaging technologies. Albany, IBM also has two universities in collaboration, a project is the 15nm 300mm wafer fab in the printing process, and other is on its "Deep Blue" supercomputer, aiming to achieve grid computing algorithms.

Intels Rattner said: "We are the big sponsors university research, a large and long-term work to do - spintronics, carbon nanotubes, graphene films and so on. These innovations need 8 to 10 years research, then we will turn these internal research and development, and build it into the most promising commercial product. "

Perhaps the most successful in history has been in the U.S. semiconductor technology leader in the ranks of the business model of cooperation with the College to be SemiconductorResearchCorp. (SRC) company, and its related laboratories at universities and industry sponsored more than 100 research projects . However, compared

Research Office from the U.S. Air Force, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa), the American National Standards Technical Committee, Office of Naval Research, the National Energy Laboratory of the 13 technology centers and 8, those with Research at the University of the private company funds or too little. Academic research for the largest independent non-defense government funds the National Science Foundation, about 60 billion budget, and various universities in federal research support accounts for around 20% of the share.

With increasing financial pressures, those who can not undertake a direct return on long-term research project is funded by the cuts. According to Darpas statistics, based on "Electronics" Research Fund in 2007, reduced from $ 254,000,000 to $ 236,000,000, in 2008 fell to 197 million.

Private and government funds can also be applied to, but still be able to meet the ship in as Bell Labs, as the operation and keep the United States in the field of semiconductor research and development leading to the unknown. "I do not think we need a new project - we just need to see the projects we have invested," Intels Rattner said, "We have this body, we know that their operations - we only need to invest human and financial resources behind to ensure their success. "

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